The world’s coral reefs.

The world’s coral reefs are not just one of nature’s underwater wonders, they also contribute significantly to world economy, with about $375 billion annual infusion to the fishing and tourism industries and provide millions of jobs for coastal communities.

Coral Reef Conservation

Coral reefs are subjected

But coral reefs are subjected to environmental degradation for many decades now, and if this continues, the marine ecosystem will be gravely disrupted, leading to massive fish mortality, water infection, and loss of human livelihood, not to mention the destruction of the balance of nature. As such, environmental protection watchdogs are organized to ensure coral reef protection and conservation. They are led by the Global Reef Monitoring Network (GRMN) composed of government, private and NGO institutions, and the Oceanographic Commission (IOC) founded by UNESCO.

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Coral reef conservation.

Coral reef conservation includes as its foremost effort the inclusion of coral reefs in the list of Marine Protected Areas (MPA). Those in the list are accorded government protective measures including funding and manpower to implement sustainable management of these reefs. Likewise, people mobilization especially the principal stakeholders plays a crucial part in coral reef conservation.

Local communities, fishermen, and marine-sustained coastal communities are involved in better reef management and environmentally-friendly fishing practices.

On a larger scale, global campaigns geared towards the prevention of climate change due to global warming and the shift to the so-called “green living” eventually help the effort on coral reef conservation.